New PDF release: An Historical Geography of Europe (Soviet and East European
By Norman J. G. Pounds
The vital subject of this ebook is the altering spatial development of human actions over the past 2,500 years of Europe's background. Professor kilos argues that 3 components have decided the destinations of human actions: the surroundings, the attitudes and sorts of social association of the various various peoples of Europe and finally, the degrees of expertise. in the huge framework of the interrelationships of setting, society and expertise, a number of very important subject matters pursued from the 5th century BC to the early 20th century: payment and agriculture, the expansion of towns, the advance of producing and the position of alternate. Underlying every one of those issues are the discussions of political association and inhabitants. even though the ebook relies partially of Professor Pound's magisterial 3 volumes An historic Geography of Europe (1977, 1980, 1985), it was once written in particular for college kids and readers attracted to a common survey of the topic.
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Additional resources for An Historical Geography of Europe (Soviet and East European Studies, 79)
London, 1957. Bunbury, E. H. A History of Ancient Geography. London, 1879; reprint, 1959. Garnett, A. " Geographical Journal 106 (1945): 132-41. Smith, C. T. An Historical Geography of Western Europe before 1800. London, 1967. Thompson, J. O. History of Ancient Geography. , 1948. Wright, J. K. The Geographical Basis of European History. New York, 1928. C. for study. A date could have been chosen a century earlier or a century later; the result would have been much the same, for in the material things of life change was remarkably slow.
At this time Rome was a small town spread over a group of low hills beside the Tiber in central Italy. Only a short distance to the north the Etruscan league of cities had created a civilization similar in some ways to that of the Greeks in the Aegean. Rome had once been part of this loose Etruscan federation, and its independence was at this time far from secure. Beyond the Alps the La Tene civilization had been spread by the Celts, armed with iron weapons and war chariots, through much of central Europe.
But the Alpine passes came into more frequent use during the Middle Ages, when they provided the shortest route for merchants between Italy and south Germany. Few crossings of the Alpine system had more importance than the routes between the head of the Adriatic Sea and the rivers which flow down to the Hungarian plain. Only forty miles separate the Adriatic from the valley of the Sava, and the roads nowhere climb to more than fifteen hundred feet. By this route countless invaders from northern and eastern Europe have entered Italy, and in more recent times both Austria and Hungary extended their political control by this route to the Mediterranean Sea (see Chap.
An Historical Geography of Europe (Soviet and East European Studies, 79) by Norman J. G. Pounds