Download e-book for iPad: America in the Great War: The Rise of the War Welfare State by Ronald Schaffer
By Ronald Schaffer
After such conflicts as global warfare II, Vietnam, and now the Persian Gulf, the 1st international warfare turns out , nearly historical occasion. It evokes pictures of trenches, horse-drawn wagons, and out of date wide-brimmed helmets--a clash toward the Civil warfare than to our personal time. It not often turns out an American conflict in any respect, contemplating we fought for scarcely over a yr in a basically eu fight. yet, as Ronald Schaffer recounts during this interesting new publication, the good warfare wrought a dramatic revolution in the USA, wrenching a various, unregulated, nineteenth-century society into the trendy age. starting from the Oval workplace to company boardroom, from the farmyard to the battlefield, America within the nice War information a kingdom reshaped through the calls for of overall warfare. Schaffer indicates how the Wilson management used persuasion, manipulation, direct keep watch over, and the cooperation of personal industries and businesses to mobilize a freewheeling, individualist kingdom. the outcome used to be a war-welfare kingdom, implementing the government on virtually each element of yank lifestyles. He describes the way it unfold propaganda, enforced censorship, and stifled dissent. Political radicals, non secular pacifists, German-Americans, even common those that voiced sincere doubts in regards to the conflict suffered arrest and imprisonment. the govt. prolonged its regulate over lots of the nation's financial existence via a chain of latest agencies--largely jam-packed with managers from deepest enterprise, who used their new positions to dispose of pageant and safe different own and company earnings. Schaffer additionally info the efforts of students, scientists, staff, girls, African- american citizens, and of social, scientific, and ethical reformers, to take advantage of the conflict to develop their very own agendas while they contributed to the force for victory. and never the least vital is his account of the way squaddies reacted to the truth of war--both on the entrance traces and on the rear--revealing what introduced the doughboys to the battlefield, and the way they went via not just horror and disillusionment yet felt a fervent patriotism in addition. a number of the upheavals Schaffer describes have been fleeting--as noticeable within the hundreds of thousands of girls who needed to depart their wartime jobs whilst the men got here home--but others intended everlasting switch and set precedents for such destiny courses because the New Deal. by way of exhibiting how American existence could by no means be an identical back after the Armistice, America within the nice War lays a brand new starting place for knowing either the 1st international warfare and twentieth-century the USA.
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Extra info for America in the Great War: The Rise of the War Welfare State
The armed forces and the federal shipbuilding agencies, which enjoyed special transportation priorities, continued to send cargoes into congested areas, such as the Hog Island shipyard under construction on the Delaware River. At one time, eleven miles of freight cars were lined up at the entrance to the yard, all containing materials from which the yard itself was supposed to be built. The cars could not go inside because there were no tracks on the construction site and no facilities for unloading.
Biemann of La Salle, Illinois, into a canal. Later they forced him to kiss a flag. Biemann was thought to have called Secretary of War Baker a fathead. ^ Students at Rutgers University stripped an antiwar Socialist student who had refused to speak at a Liberty Bond rally, covered him with molasses and feathers, and forced him to parade blindfolded through the streets. " One incident that attracted national attention was the murder of Robert P. Prager, a German-American drifter. When the United States declared war, Prager took out his first citizenship papers and although blind in one eye tried to enlist in the navy.
Thus, we find Attorney General Thomas W. Gregory—whose department deputized the American Protective League, who encouraged Americans to act as "voluntary detectives" and informers, and who wanted a federal sedition act because the Espionage Act did not cover casual, impulsive, or truthful remarks—publicly stating in 1918 that the rights of free speech, the press, assembly, and petition continued to exist in wartime and telling federal attorneys that the Sedition Act should not be used for personal vendettas or to suppress honest, legitimate discussion of government policies.
America in the Great War: The Rise of the War Welfare State by Ronald Schaffer