A Treatise on Social Theory, Volume 3: Applied Social Theory by Walter Garrison Runciman PDF

By Walter Garrison Runciman

ISBN-10: 0521249600

ISBN-13: 9780521249607

The concluding quantity of W.G. Runciman's trilogy on social thought applies his thought and method to the case of twentieth-century English society. He exhibits how England's capitalist mode of construction, liberal mode of persuasion, and democratic mode of coercion developed within the aftermath of worldwide battle I from what that they had been because the Eighteen Eighties, but didn't evolve considerably following international struggle II. His clarification demonstrates that a few fiscal, ideological and political practices have been preferred over others in an more and more advanced atmosphere, neither predictable nor controllable via policymakers.

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Page 9 number of middle- and lower-middle-class ex-servicemen or non-unionized or unemployed workers from traditionally Conservative Northern constituencies (Webber 1986, p. 44) whose ideological predispositions could be channelled into a simultaneous hostility to working-class Communists on the one hand and Jewish financiers on the other. 6 But it was hardly as if they felt a sense of relative deprivation, whether regional or sectoral, sufficiently intense to mobilize militant Welshmen and Scotsmen, or militant coalminers and transport workers, for a guerilla war, or even a sustained campaign of civil disobedience, against the state.

There were, admittedly, sub-sets of roles among which the practices and doctrines of extremist factions began to spread. Fascism did appeal to a 4 G. D. H. Cole's retrospective comment was that 'If a new temper was abroad, and the moderate leaders found their control of the movement seriously threatened, this did not imply a wholesale conversion of the British working class to revolutionary doctrines' (1927, p 71). 5 The two roles are placed in quotation marks as illuminating examples of the way in which the vernacular terminology reflects the dominant ideology.

Just because many sociologists, whether deliberately or not, allow their explanatory or descriptive conclusions to be influenced by their moral or political attitudes, it doesn't follow either that they couldn't do otherwise or that other sociologists need do so too; and in any case, any claim to have detected a bias of this kind entails a claim that it can be discounted accordingly. It is true that a book such as this one is inescapably personal. No other sociologist who had undertaken the same task would carry it out in the same way, least of all in chapter 4 where it is fundamental, as I argued in volume I, to the distinction between explanation and description that descriptions remain discretionary even after all the evidence is in.

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A Treatise on Social Theory, Volume 3: Applied Social Theory by Walter Garrison Runciman

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