A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971 - download pdf or read online
By Guillermo Lora
This e-book is an abridgement and translation of Guillermo Lora's five-volume heritage. It bargains with the strengthening and radicalisation of Bolivia's organised labour move, which culminated within the drastic innovative alterations of the Nineteen Fifties. the 1st part bargains a reinterpretation of Bolivian historical past within the century previous the revolution, considered from the point of view of the operating category. the second one part discusses in additional aspect the main political occasions and doctrinal problems with a interval during which the writer, as secretary of the Trotskyist Partido Obrero Revolucionario, himself usually performed an energetic half. regardless of the unconventional upheaval that happened within the fifties and the mobilisation of vast sectors of the inhabitants round such radical ambitions as direct estate seizures, union-nominated ministers and union, army and employee regulate, the labour stream used to be not able to keep up its conquests within the Sixties. The concluding chapters describe the interval of renewed army repression and the continued efforts of the labour circulation to withstand.
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Extra info for A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971
They exploit you ceaselessly but you don't see it; they trick you night and day but you don't feel it; they accumulate vast fortunes from your toil but you aren't aware of it. They share out the lands and jobs, the honours and dignities among themselves and leave you with the poverty, the shame and the hard work, and you keep silent. How much longer are you going to go on sleeping like this? Wake up now; it is time to question the titles of the aristocracy and the basis of private property. Aren't all Bolivians equal?
Once he was skilled in his trade, the apprentice would in turn become a master. In a feudal type of society the objective of the guilds was to defend the professional interests of the artisans against manorial authority. It also guarded against competition between masters within the guild. The regulations of the guild required the artisan to 'work well and loyally' and fixed the quantity and quality of goods produced, the methods of production and the amounts of raw materials to be used. As a consequence of these provisions, the techniques of the artisans did not develop; generation after generation, for hundreds of years the artisans used the same simple tools and the same methods of work.
These regulations made the journeyman an integral part of the workshop and he could not easily free himself from its discipline. If contracts for the completion of work were not fulfilled, the injured party could have recourse to the senior master who 'will immediately order the detention of the responsible master in the police barracks where he will stay until he has delivered the work' (Article 5). If one of the journeymen was responsible, then he lost a quarter of his next wage packet; in case of a dispute, the senior Master acted as judge (Article 7).
A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971 by Guillermo Lora