Download e-book for kindle: A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From by A. R. Disney
By A. R. Disney
The dominion of Portugal used to be created as a derivative of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. without geographical raison d'?tre and no visible roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for lengthy remained a small, suffering realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, within the early 15th century, this not likely springboard for Western enlargement without warning started to gather an empire of its personal, finally extending greater than midway around the world. The historical past of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing really on ancient scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, deals readers a complete assessment and reinterpretation of the way all this occurred - the 1st such account to seem in English for greater than a iteration. quantity I matters the background of Portugal itself from pre-Roman occasions to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and quantity II lines the historical past of the Portuguese out of the country empire.
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Extra info for A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 2)
Northern Morocco was a well-watered, thickly-settled and productive region. It was rich in cereals, fruit, vegetables and cattle and possessed a woollen textile industry. At its port-cities could be acquired various West African and Middle Eastern imports, including gold, slaves, dyes, silks and spices. The alluvial plains of the southwest produced grain in relative abundance and supported cattle and horses. Morocco also provided a market for European textiles, and for various exotic Asian commodities that from the start of the sixteenth century the Portuguese imported by sea.
Perhaps Ceuta was also seen as a potential supplier of wheat – a commodity Morocco produced in some abundance but Portugal needed to import. In any event, merchant interests, particularly in Lisbon, were supposed to have strongly favoured the expedition. 2 A third kind of explanation sees the Ceuta expedition, which was strongly supported by the service nobility, as primarily an extension of the Iberian peninsula’s long tradition of Reconquest. Recent historiography has tended 1 2 Braga I M D and Braga P D 1998 pp 27–32.
This unambiguous conﬁrmation that the Sadians possessed heavy siege cannon, and knew how to use them successfully even against major stone strongholds, ﬁnally stirred Joa˜o III to implement a policy of partial withdrawal. Saﬁ and Azemmour were evacuated in 1542, followed a few years later by Asilah and Al-Ksar as-Saghir. These moves reduced Portugal’s possessions in Morocco to just the three strongholds of Ceuta, Tangier and Mazaga˜o. With the aid of a succession of Portuguese and foreign military architects and engineers the defences of Ceuta, Tangier and Mazaga˜o were all then substantially upgraded.
A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807 (Volume 2) by A. R. Disney