A History of Organized Labor in Peru and Ecuador by Robert J. Alexander PDF
By Robert J. Alexander
This quantity strains the historical past of equipped exertions in Peru and Ecuador from its first visual appeal within the past due 19th century until eventually the top of the 20 th century. It discusses the kinfolk of alternate unionism with fiscal improvement and politics, quite the political developments inside prepared hard work. It additionally discusses the detrimental influence at the exchange union circulate of the loose enterprise-free exchange rules of the final a long time of the 20th century.
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Extra info for A History of Organized Labor in Peru and Ecuador
Economic expansion brought with it as a consequence, the increase in wageworkers. 101 However, the increase in economic activities and the size of the working class was accompanied by a policy of antipathy toward organized labor on the part of the Leguía government. The attitude of the Leguía government toward the unions was shown by the fact that the textile workers’ journal was frequently suppressed. Every time it was closed, it reappeared with a different name and makeup. 102 The Federación Obrera Local was the principal labor organization in Peru for some years.
It had at 22 A History of Organized Labor in Peru and Ecuador first included most of the country’s organized workers, of all political tendencies. However, the Communists were in control, and the Apristas broke with the CGTP early in 1934. In January, they established the Reorganizing Committee of the Proletariat, which some months later became the Central Sindical de Trabajadores del Perú (CSTP), of which Segundo P. Black was the secretary-general. The backbone of the CSTP was the Federation of Textile Workers.
The first minimum salary that was established was for 250 soles a month; salaries were as low as 75 soles for women before the decree. The Federación General de Empleados del Perú was founded in October 1946 and was reported to have 70,000 members six months later. It had affiliates in 16 of the chief cities and towns. 216 This national white-collar workers’ federation was short-lived. ”217 However, several of its constituent union groups continued to exist. STRIKE ACTIVITY IN THE 1945–1948 PERIOD There were a number of strikes accompanying this growth of the labor movement.
A History of Organized Labor in Peru and Ecuador by Robert J. Alexander