J. R. Partington's A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder PDF

By J. R. Partington

ISBN-10: 0801859549

ISBN-13: 9780801859540

For almost six hundred years, from the battles of the early fourteenth century to the losing of the atomic bomb at Hiroshima, firearms derived from gunpowder and different chemical compounds outlined the frightful quantity of warfare. The equipment and fabrics utilized in global warfare i'd were commonplace to our distant ancestors. during this vintage paintings, first released in 1960, James Riddick Partington offers a world survey of the evolution of incendiary units, Greek hearth, and gunpowder.Greek hearth, a composition Partington believes was once made up of a distilled petroleum fraction and different components (but no longer saltpetre), was once so much famously utilized in the sieges of Constantinople and the Crusades. Partington strikes from its antecedents—other incendiaries utilized in historical warfare—to eu gunpowder recipe books ( The Latin publication of fireside, Bellifortis, and Feuerwerkbuch) and the heritage of infernal machines, mines, canon, small fingers, and artillery. His booklet contains chapters on gunpowder and guns in Muslim lands, India, and China—including fireplace books, using gunpowder as a propellant, the artillery of the Mughal Emperors, and using saltpetre in explosives. He lines the advance of gunpowder to eleventh-century China and cites the 1st identified point out and imagine of a firearm in 1326. "The heritage of gunpowder and firearms has attracted many authors with various pursuits. the overall historian needs to take account of significant innovations effecting revolutions within the lifetime of countries. The historian of technological know-how is worried in general with the discovery of gunpowder. The historian of expertise examines the improvement within the manufacture of explosives and guns, and how during which gunpowder has chanced on functions within the peaceable arts. the army historian offers frequently with using gunpowder as an explosive and a propellant... and the advance of firearms and their use in struggle. No fresh e-book in English (or for that topic in any language) has tried a concise survey of the subject."—from the Preface

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Z. Naturwiss. Zeitschrift fiir die Naturwissenschaften. ^* The zikkim in the Old Testament^ may have been incendiary arrows. ). The first recorded use of incendiary arrows {TTVP^OPOT O'COTOC) by the Greeks was in the Peloponnesian war (429 B . C . G. He assembled a large number of engineers from Greece, Italy and Carthage, and gave them every encouragement in their. '' Aineias (^neas) {c. )^ describes the production of a violent fire {nvp oKevdleiv laxvpov) by the use of pots filled with a mixture of pitch, sulphur, pine-shavings, and incense or resin (/xawa) j this incendiary mixture could also, he says, be attached to large wooden pesdes (we/ja) fitted with iron hooks at both ends and thrown on the wooden decks of ships, to which they attached themselves, or on to the wooden protections of besieging troops.

AUTOMATIC FIRE We may now leave the use of incendiaries of the simple type, which persist in modern war in the shape of thermit and napalm bombs, and turn to a 6 A HISTORY OF GREEK FIRE AND GUNPOWEER different type of incendiary, viz. a mixture of quicklime with an inflammable material such as petroleum or sulphur. «® St. D. 415)"' said limestone on burning takes up part of the nature of fire, which on cooling is retained in a latent form; this heat is disengaged on contact with water (the enemy of fire) but not by oil (the food of fire).

Historische Waffen-md Kostumkunde. Zeitschrift fiir die historische Waffen-und Kostiimkunde. Z. Naturwiss. Zeitschrift fiir die Naturwissenschaften. ^* The zikkim in the Old Testament^ may have been incendiary arrows. ). The first recorded use of incendiary arrows {TTVP^OPOT O'COTOC) by the Greeks was in the Peloponnesian war (429 B . C . G. He assembled a large number of engineers from Greece, Italy and Carthage, and gave them every encouragement in their. '' Aineias (^neas) {c. )^ describes the production of a violent fire {nvp oKevdleiv laxvpov) by the use of pots filled with a mixture of pitch, sulphur, pine-shavings, and incense or resin (/xawa) j this incendiary mixture could also, he says, be attached to large wooden pesdes (we/ja) fitted with iron hooks at both ends and thrown on the wooden decks of ships, to which they attached themselves, or on to the wooden protections of besieging troops.

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A History of Greek Fire and Gunpowder by J. R. Partington


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