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A historical past of chinese language technological know-how and know-how (Volumes 1, 2 & three) offers forty four person lectures, starting with historical chinese language technological know-how and know-how within the means of Human Civilizations and an summary of chinese language technology and expertise, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of numerous matters within the heritage of technological know-how and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with issues on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and drugs, The 4 nice innovations, and diverse technological parts heavily relating to garments, nutrients, look after and transportation.
This ebook is the main authoritative paintings at the heritage of chinese language technology and expertise. it's the Winner of the China booklet Award, the Shanghai booklet Award (1st prize), and the Classical China foreign Publishing venture (GAPP, basic management of Press and ebook of China) and gives a necessary source for educational researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a chain of forty four lectures provided to most sensible chinese language leaders, which acquired very confident suggestions. Written by means of most sensible chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of typical Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and lots of different revered chinese language companies, the ebook is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the heritage of technological know-how, philosophy of technological know-how and expertise, and similar disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vice president of the nationwide Congress of China.
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Extra info for A History of Chinese Science and Technology, Volume 1
In China from the Qin Dynasty on, drive ways have been built to connect the capital with counties and prefectures. The developed water and land transport network further strengthened centralization. These projects have been established on the basis of the labor system, while the obligations of relatively autonomous agricultural villages to the country are to pay taxes and provide labor. In the Han Dynasty, there appeared special laws named “Junshu,” involving labor apportionment and tax calculation and other planning issues.
On October 31, 1517, Martin Luther, Doctor of Divinity of the University of Wittenberg, Germany, posted “the Ninety-five Theses (formerly known as “The Ninety-Five Theses on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences””) on door of the University church. Criticizing the indiscriminate sale of indulgences by the Church professedly, the Theses was essentially challenging the monopoly by the Church of Rome in interpreting the doctrine. At that time, typography had been in use for a short time in Europe.
While ideological emancipation emerging as the times require heralded an era of prosperity for academic research in China, academic research of the period took on a new atmosphere. Diversion in the rite system led to improved consciousness of the self, and utilitarianism lost its position as the domineering criterion for value judgment. Discussion of metaphysics stimulated the development of argumentative art and abstract thinking. Pursuit for pure academics emerged in some areas; rebellion, skepticism, and innovation became fashionable.
A History of Chinese Science and Technology, Volume 1